Imiyalo yokufaka nokuhlola

ISIQINISEKISO SE-RUBBER EKUQUKETHA UKUFAKA IMIYALELO

1. Izimo Zesevisi. Qiniseka ukuthi isilinganiso sokuhlangana esilinganiselwe sokushisa, ingcindezi, vacuum kanye nokunyakaza kufanelana nezidingo zohlelo. Thintana nomakhi ukuthola izeluleko uma ngabe izidingo zesistimu zingaphezu kwalezo zokwengeza ezikhethiwe. Qinisekisa ukuthi i-elastomer ekhethiwe iyahambelana namakhemikhali noketshezi lwenqubo noma igesi.

2. Ukuqondanisa. Amalunga wokunwebisa ngokuvamile awenzelwanga ukuwanxephezela amaphutha okuphatha kabi amapayipi. Iphayiphu kufanele ifakwe emugqeni kungakapheli u-1/8 ". Ukungasebenzi kahle kunciphisa ukunyakaza okulinganiselwe kokukhula okuhlanganisiwe futhi kungafaka ingcindezi enkulu futhi kunciphise impilo yenkonzo. Imihlahlandlela yamapayipi kufanele ifakwe ukugcina ipayipi liqondaniswe futhi livikele ukungahanjiswa ngendlela okungafanele.

3. Izikhonkwane. Kudingeka ukubethelwa okuqinile lapho nomaphi lapho ipayipi lishintsha khona, futhi amalunga wokunwebeka kufanele abekwe eduze kwamaphoyinti. Uma amahange engasetshenziswanga, ukucindezela kwengcindezi kungadala ukunyakaza ngokweqile futhi kulimaze namalunga wokunwebeka.

4. Ukuxhaswa Kwepayipi. Amapayipi kufanele axhaswe ukuze amalunga wokunwebisa awathwali noma yisiphi isisindo sepayipi.

5. Mating Flanges. Faka okuhlanganisiwe okuhlanganisiwe ngokumelene nokufakelwa kwemibhobho yokuhlanganisa bese ufaka amabhele ukuze ikhanda le-bolt ne-washer ziphikisane nezindandatho zokugcina. Uma ama-washer engasetshenziswanga, ukuvuza kwe-flange kungahle kube nomphumela, ikakhulukazi ekuhlukaniseni okusetshenziselwa izindandatho zokugcina. Ubukhulu be-Flange-to-flange bokunwetshwa okuhlanganisiwe kumele buhambisane nokuvuleka komoya ovunguzayo. Qiniseka ukuthi ama-flanges avuthiwe ahlanzekile futhi anobuso obuyisicaba noma ngaphezulu kuka-1/16 ”. Ungalokothi ufake amajoyinti wokunwebeka asebenzisa izindandatho zokugcina ezahlukanisayo eduze kwesheke sohlobo lwe-wafer noma ama-butterve valves. Umonakalo omkhulu ungaholela ekuhlanganiseni kwenjoloba kwalolu hlobo ngaphandle kokuthi kufakwe ngokumelene nokukhanya kobuso obugcwele.

6. Ukukhulisa amaBolts. Qinisa amabhuzu ngezigaba ngokushintshana nxazonke kwengozi. Uma ihlangene inendwangu ehlanganayo nemithi yenjoloba, amabhele kufanele aqine ngokwanele ukwenza irabha le-OD bulge phakathi kwamasongo agcinayo ne-mating flange. I-Torque ibeka ngokwanele ukuqinisekisa ukusebenza okungekho ku-hydrostatic test test. Amanani we-Bolt torquing ayatholakala kubakhiqizi abaningi. Uma ihlanganisiwe inezinsimbi zensimbi, qinisa izimbotshana ngokwanele ukufeza uphawu futhi ungalokothi uqinise iphuzu lokuthi kunokuxhumana kwensimbi-kuya-kwensimbi phakathi kwe-flange ehlanganayo ne-mating flange.

7. Isitoreji. Isitoreji esifanelekile siyindawo yokugcina izinto enendawo enomileyo futhi epholile. Gcina ubuso be-flange phansi epallet noma epulatifomu lokhuni. Musa ukugcina ezinye izinto ezisindayo ngaphezulu kwesihlanganisi sokunwebeka. Impilo yamashalofu yeminyaka eyishumi ingalindelwa ngezimo ezinhle. Uma isitoreji kufanele sibe ngamalunga wangaphandle kufanele sibekwe kumapulatifomu okhuni futhi akufanele axhumane nomhlabathi. Mboza nge-tarpaulin.

8. Ukusingatha Okukhulu Kokuhlangana. Musa ukuphakamisa ngezintambo noma imigoqo ngemigodi ye-bolt. Uma uphakamisa i-bor, sebenzisa i-padding noma isihlalo sehhashi ukusabalalisa isisindo. Qinisekisa ukuthi izintambo noma i-tklift tinesdo ayixhumeki nerabha. Ungavumeli ukuhlangana kokuhlanganisiwe kuhlale ngokuqondile emaphethelweni wokufakelwa nganoma yisiphi isikhathi sesikhathi.

9. Izeluleko Ezengeziwe.

a. Kumazinga okushisa aphakeme, musa ukufaka ngaphezulu kwesisekelo sokunwetshwa okungekhona okwensimbi.

b. Kuyinto eyamukelekayo (kepha ayidingeki) ukugcoba ama-flanges ahlanganisiwe ngefilimu emincane ye-graphite ehlakazeke kwi-glycerin noma emanzini ukuze idambise i-disassembly ngesikhathi esizayo.

c. Musa ukushisa endaweni eseduze ye-non-insimbi ehlanganisiwe.

d. Uma amalunga wokunwebeka ezofakwa ngaphansi komhlaba, noma azofakwa emanzini, axhumane nomenzi wezingcingo ukuze athole izincomo ezithile.

e. Uma ngabe ukuhlanganiswa okuhlanganisiwe kuzofakwa ngaphandle, qiniseka ukuthi insiza yekhava izovimbela i-ozone, ukukhanya kwelanga, njll. Kunconywa izinto ezinjenge-EPDM neHypalon®.

Izinto ezenziwe ngopende wesimo sezulu zizonikeza i-ozone eyengeziwe nokuvikelwa ukukhanya kwelanga.

f. Hlola ukuqina kwama-flanges angenakuvuza amasonto amabili noma amathathu ngemuva kokufakwa nokuqina kabusha uma kunesidingo.

IMINININGWANE YOKUFAKA ISIKHATHI

1. Hlanganisa ukwanda okuhlanganisiwe phakathi kwamapayipi okufika kobude obakhiwe ngobuso bokunwetshwa okuhlangene. Faka amasongo okugcina afakwe ngokuhlanganiswa okuhlanganisiwe.

2. Hlanganisa amapuleti wenduku ngemuva kwephayiphu. Ama-bolange we-Flange ngokusebenzisa ipuleti yenduku yokulawula kumele abe yinde ukuze ihlale ipuleti. Amapulangwe enduku yokulawula kufanele abe ngokulinganayo izikhala zizungeze i-flange. Ngokuya ngosayizi nokukalwa kwengcindezi kohlelo, kudingeka izinduku zokulawula ezi-2, 3 noma ngaphezulu. Umakhi wokuxhumana wokufakwa kokuzithandela.

3. Faka izinduku zokulawula ngokusebenzisa izimbobo zeplate eziphezulu. Ama-washer wensimbi kufanele abekwe endaweni engaphandle yepuleti. I-Washer oyisebenzisayo ye-ruble ibekwe phakathi kwe-washer yensimbi ne ingaphezulu lepuleti elingaphezulu.

4. Uma kufakwe umunxa owodwa we-nati nge-unit ngayinye, beka le nudi ukuze kube khona igebe phakathi kwe-nati ne-washer yensimbi. Lesi sikhala silingana nesandiso esiphezulu sejoyina (ngokuqala nge ubude begama nobuso) Musa ukubheka ubukhulu be-washer enjoloba. Ukuze ukhiye lo msele usezingeni, kungaba "ukufaka umthwalo" entanjeni ezindaweni ezimbili noma ubophezele insimbi induku. Uma kufakwe amantongomane amabili ejamu kwiyunithi ngayinye, qinisa amantongomane la ndawonye, ​​ukuze kufinyelelwe umphumela woku “jamming” ukuvikela ukukhululeka. Qaphela: Bonana nomakhi uma kukhona umbuzo ngokulinganisa okulinganiselwe nokukalwa. Lezi zici ezimbili zibalulekile ekumiselweni kwamantongomane nokusayizi imikhono yepayipi lokucindezela.

5. Uma kunesidingo semikhono yepayipi yokucindezela, ipayipi elijwayelekile lingasetshenziswa futhi likalwe ngobude ukuvumela okuhlanganisiwe ukuthi kucindezelwe kuze kube semkhawulweni wayo ojwayelekile.

6. Ngokufakwa kwe-ancer, kunconywa ukuthi konke ukufakwa kwenduku yokulawula kuhambisane nepayipi.

ISIQINISEKISO SOKUTHOLA IMALI YOKWENZA IMINYAKA EMIHLANGANWENI KUSENKONZO

Lo mhlahlandlela olandelayo kuhloswe ngawo ukusiza ekunqumeni ukuthi ngabe ukuhlanganiswa okuhlanganisiwe kufanele kushintshwe noma kulungiswe ngemuva kwenkonzo ende.

1. Indlela yokuBeka kabusha. Uma ukuhlanganisa okuhlanganisiwe kusesimweni sesevisi ebucayi futhi kuneminyaka emihlanu noma ngaphezulu, kufanele kubhekwe ngokulondolozwa kwe-spare noma ukufaka esikhundleni se-unitat ukuphuma okuhleliwe. Uma insizakalo ingeyona eyemvelo ebucayi, qaphela ukwanda kokuhlangana njalo bese uhlela ukufaka esikhundleni senkonzo ngemuva kweminyaka eyi-10. Izicelo ziyahlukahluka futhi impilo ingaba yinde nje iminyaka engama-30 kwezinye izimo.

Izinqubo.

a. Ukuphamba. (Ukuhlolwa kwelanga) Ukuqhekeka, noma i-crazing kungenzeka kungabi sína uma ngabe isembozo sangaphandle sihilelekile futhi indwangu ingembulwa. Uma kunesidingo, lungisa esizeni ngosimende werabha lapho imifantu incane. Ukuphahlazeka lapho indwangu ivezwa futhi idwengulwa, kubonisa ukuthi ukuhlanganiswa okuhlanganisiwe kufanele kuthathelwe indawo. Ukuqhekeka okunjalo kuvame ukubangelwa ukwanda okweqile, ukunyakaza kwama-angular noma okwalandela. Ukuqhekeka okunjalo kukhonjwa: (1) ukuthopha kwe-arch, (2) imifantu phansi kwesisekelo se-arch, kanye / noma (3) imifantu engaphansi kwengozi. Ukugwema izinkinga zesikhathi esizayo, amalunga wokungena esikhundleni kufanele ayalwe ngamayunithi wenduku yokulawula.

b. Amabhloka-Defform-Ply Sepgment. Amanye amabhulokhi noma ukuwohloka, lapho kungxenyeni yangaphandle yokuhlanganisa okuhlanganisiwe, kungahle kungathinti ukusebenza okufanele kokuhlanganiswa kokuhlanganayo. Lawa mabhulashi noma ukuwohloka kuwumbono wemvelo futhi awadingi ukulungiswa. Uma amabhulukwe amakhulu, ukuwohloka kanye / noma ukwahlukaniswa kwama-ply kukhona ku-tube, ukuhlanganiswa okuhlanganisiwe kufanele kuthathelwe indawo ngokushesha okukhulu. Ukwehlukaniswa kwe-ply e-Flange OD kwesinye isikhathi kungabukwa futhi akusona isizathu sokubuyiselwa kokuhlanganiswa okuhlanganayo.

c. Ukuqiniswa Kwensimbi. Uma ukuqiniswa kwensimbi kokuhlanganiswa kokukhula kubonakala ngesembozo, ukuhlanganisa okuhlanganisiwe kufanele kuthathelwe indawo ngokushesha okukhulu.

d. Ubukhulu. Noma yikuphi ukuhlolwa kufanele kuqinisekise ukuthi ukufakwa kulungile; ukuthi akukho misalignment ngokweqile phakathi flanges; futhi, ukuthi ubukhulu bokubekwa kobuso obufakiwe bulungile. Bheka ukukhuphuka okwengeziwe, ukucindezela ngokweqile, ukuphathwa kabi okwenzeka ngokulandelana noma kwe-angular. Uma ukufakwa okungalungile kubangele ukuthi ukwanda okuhlanganayo kwehle, lungisa amapayipi bese u-oda ukuhlanganiswa okusha okuhlanganisiwe ukuze kulunge ukufakwa okukhona.

e. Ukuhlahloka Kwenjoloba. Uma ukuhlangana kuzizwa kuthambile noma kunesisu, hlela ukumiselela ukuhlanganiswa okuhlanganayo ngokushesha okukhulu.

f. Ukuvuza. Uma ukuvuza noma ukukhala kwenzeka kusuka kunoma iyiphi indawo yokuhlanganiswa okuhlanganisiwe, ngaphandle kwalapho ama-flanges ahlangana khona, buyisela ukuhlangana ngokushesha. Uma ukuvuza kwenzeka phakathi kwe-mating flange nokwanda okuhlanganisiwe, qinisa zonke izimbotshana. Uma lokhu kungaphumeleli, vala ingcindezi yohlelo, ukhulule yonke imigoqo ebunjiwe bese ubuyisela izitshudeni ngezigaba ngokushintshana nxazonke kwengozi. Qinisekisa ukuthi kukhona ama-washer ngaphansi kwamakhanda we-bolt, ikakhulukazi lapho kuhlukaniswa khona emasongweni okugcina. Susa okuhlanganisiwe okuhlanganisiwe bese uhlola zombili izengezo zenjoloba kanye nobuso bokuhlobanisa ngamapayipi ngomonakalo nesimo somphezulu. Lungisa noma ungene esikhundleni njengoba kudingeka. Futhi, qiniseka ukuthi ukunwetshwa kokuhlanganisiwe akudluli isikhathi eside, ngoba lokhu kungavimba ukudonsa i-flange ehlanganisiwe kude ne-mating flange okuholela kokuvuza. Uma ukuvuza kuqhubeka, thintana nomenzi ukuthola izincomo ezengeziwe.